Recurrent multiple CNS hemangioblastomas with VHL disease treated with pazopanib: a case report and literature review

Hemangioblastoma is a rare benign neoplasm, accounting for less than 2% of all primitive brain tumors. It may arise sporadically in a solitary form, or associated with Von Hippel–Lindau (VHL) disease with multiple tumors. Surgery is the mainstay treatment, but management is challenging in case of recurrent and/or multiple tumors. VHL protein is defective in both forms of hemangioblastoma, leading to the accumulation of hypoxia-inducible factor, stimulating angiogenesis via VEGF and PDGF mainly. Here, we report a 37-year-old woman’s case with recurrent and rapidly progressive VHL-associated hemangioblastomas, causing severe disability. She was treated 24 months with pazopanib, a multityrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) targeting VEGF and PDGF-β pathways. Despite moderate radiological changes, progressive improvement in her clinical condition persisting over 3 years was observed. Inhibiting angiogenesis is a therapeutic option that may improve the quality of life and the autonomy of VHL patients disabled with multiple hemangioblastomas.

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