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Future Oncology Vol. No. | Plain Language Summary

Plain Language Summary of the INVICTUS study: ripretinib for advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor



The purpose of this summary is to help you understand the results of the INVICTUS study originally published in the journal Lancet Oncology. INVICTUS is a clinical study which looked at ripretinib as a potential treatment for advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor, also known as GIST. GIST is a type of cancer that starts in the digestive tract, also known as the gastrointestinal tract. In the study, all participants had advanced GIST and needed a fourth-line (or greater) treatment following the failures of three previous treatments. The study looked at how well ripretinib worked compared with a nonactive medicine (known as a placebo) and at the side effects. Participants were given ripretinib at a dose of 150 mg once a day or a placebo. The results of the INVICTUS study showed ripretinib increased the length of time participants survived before their cancer got worse. Treatment with ripretinib was associated with side effects that varied in severity. The results of this study led to ripretinib, also known by the brand name Qinlock®, being approved in the USA by regulators as the only medication for adults with advanced GIST who have previously been treated with 3 or more types of treatment called tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

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