Melanoma is one of the leading cancers worldwide, distinguished for its malignancy and low survival rates. Although the poor outcome could improve with an early diagnosis and a good monitoring of the disease, current melanoma biomarkers display several limitations which make them useless. Interestingly, long-noncoding RNAs are secreted into the bloodstream inside exosomes by a wide range of malignant cells, and several of them have been validated as promising circulating molecular signatures of other tumors, but not melanoma. In this review we propose to explore the booming field of long-noncoding RNAs in order to find potential candidates to be tested as novel melanoma biomarkers, with the ultimate goal of improving melanoma detection, diagnosis and prognosis.
Click here to view the full article in our partner journal Melanoma Management.