Currently, out of the 82 US FDA-approved targeted therapies for adult cancer treatments, only three are approved for use in children irrespective of their genomic status. Apart from leukemia, only a handful of genomic-based trials involving children with solid tumors are ongoing. Emerging genomic data for pediatric solid tumors may facilitate the development of precision medicine in pediatric patients. Here, we provide an up-to-date review of all reported genomic aberrations in the eight most common pediatric solid tumors with whole-exome sequencing or whole-genome sequencing data (from cBioPortal database, Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatments) and additional non-whole-exome sequencing studies. Potential druggable events are highlighted and discussed so as to facilitate preclinical and clinical research in this area.
Click here to view the full article in Future Oncology.