Despite the increase in thyroid cancer incidence among adolescents and young adults (AYAs), this group has received limited attention. We reviewed the epidemiology and challenges of thyroid cancer care among AYAs, and proposed a research agenda to improve their care. Thyroid cancer is the most common cancer in American adults 16–33 years of age. AYAs with thyroid cancer face challenges including overdiagnosis reduced healthcare access and inconsistent care. Successful treatment of these patients results in additional challenges due to ongoing side effects of treatment as well as lasting impacts on their quality of life. These challenges should fuel a collaborative research agenda aimed at improving the quality of care for AYAs with thyroid cancer across the spectrum of diagnosis, treatment and survivorship.
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