Aim: Our study aimed to evaluate the possible association between four miRNA polymorphisms, hsa-miR-146a (rs2910164 G>C), hsa-miR-499 (rs3746444 T>C) and hsa-miRNA-196a2 (rs11614913 C>T and rs185070757 T>G), and susceptibility to breast cancer in an Iranian population. Materials & methods: In this case–control study we enrolled 236 patients with breast cancer and 203 healthy individuals. Tetra primer amplification refractory mutation system PCR was applied for genotyping the four miRNA SNPs. Results: Our study indicated that the hsa-mir-499 rs3746444 CC homozygote increased the risk of breast cancer in the dominant (odds ratio [OR]: 2.42; 95% CI: 1.43–4.09; p = 0.001; CC vs TT) and recessive (OR: 2.48; 95% CI: 1.49–4.13; p = 0.004; CC vs TT+TC) inheritance models tested. In addition, the rs3746444 C allele increased the risk of breast cancer (OR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.27–2.29; p = 0.0004) in comparison with the T allele. However, distribution of the rs2910164 G>C, rs11614913 C>T and rs185070757 T>G genotypes was not statistically different between cases and controls (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that the hsa-mir-499 rs3746444 polymorphism is associated with higher risk of developing breast cancer in our population.