Oncology Central

What advances have been made in immune-therapy for renal cell carcinoma?

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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is characterized by high immunogenicity, with a remarkable infiltration of immune cells, especially T cells, natural killer cells, dendritic cells and macrophages [1]. Before the advent of targeted therapy, cytokines including IL-2 and IFN-α were the standard of care in metastatic RCC (mRCC) treatment. Coppin et al. showed that IFN-α was associated with a small survival benefit (3.8 months) [2]. A retrospective analysis of seven Phase II trials testing high-dose IL-2 (HD IL-2) reported more durable responses in selected patients, with an objective response rate (ORR) of 14% including 5% of complete responses [3].

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