Oncology Central

Diagnostic and treatment of adult Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia

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The outcome of adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has improved substantially with the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). TKIs are now integral components of therapy for Ph+ ALL. The current consensus is that they improve patient outcomes compared with historical control patients treated with chemotherapy alone, and increase the number of patients able to receive stem cell transplant. New challenges have emerged with respect to induction of resistance mainly via Abelson tyrosine kinase mutations.

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