Original Publication Date: 1 February, 2016
Publication / Source: Biomarkers in Medicine
Authors: Damiano Carbonari, Pieranna Chiarella, Antonella Mansi, Daniela Pigini, Sergio Iavicoli & Giovanna Tranfo
Benzene is a ubiquitous occupational and environmental pollutant. Improved industrial hygiene allowed airborne concentrations close to the environmental context (1–1000 µg/m3). Conversely, new limits for benzene levels in urban air were set (5 µg/m3). The biomonitoring of exposure to such low benzene concentrations are performed measuring specific and sensitive biomarkers such as S-phenylmercapturic acid, trans, trans-muconic acid and urinary benzene: many studies referred high variability in the levels of these biomarkers, suggesting the involvement of polymorphic metabolic genes in the individual susceptibility to benzene toxicity.