Original Publication Date: 1 August, 2014
Publication / Source: Lung Cancer Management
Authors: Francisco Rodriguez-Panadero, Beatriz Romero-Romero
Invasion beyond the elastic layer of the visceral pleura and/or diffuse pleural metastatic spread affects negatively survival in lung cancer. Presence of pleural effusion is also associated with poor prognosis, and image techniques can be of great help for diagnosis. When pleural fluid cytology is negative, thoracoscopy is advisable before attempting tumor resection, in order to detect unsuspected pleural metastases.